The infantile dyslalia, the bad pronunciation of children, is a disorder in the articulation of phonemes. It is the most common language disorder in children, the best known and the easiest to identify. It usually occurs between three and five years, with alterations in the articulation of phonemes.
Developmental infantile dyslalia is that which takes place in the infantile language development phase, in which the child is unable to repeat by imitation the words he hears and it does it incorrectly from a phonetic point of view. It has several phases within the child's language development and finally ends when the child learns to pronounce all phonemes correctly.
When a child under the age of four has errors in pronunciation, it is considered normal, since he is covering a stage in the development of children's language.
In this stage, developmental dyslalia does not require treatment since speech and language acquisition are still in the maturing phase. However, if speech errors persist beyond four years, a hearing and language specialist should be consulted, that is, a speech therapist.
A child is diagnosed with dyslalia when it is noted that he is unable to pronounce speech sounds correctly, which are seen as normal according to his age and development. A child with dyslalia usually substitutes one letter for another, or does not pronounce consonants.
Example: He says mai instead of corn, Y tes instead of three.
When the baby begins to speak, it does so by emitting, first, the simplest sounds, like that of the m Or the p. These sounds are essential to say mother or dad, Words that won't take a lot of effort as long as you get the right stimulation. From this point on, the baby will begin to pronounce increasingly difficult sounds, which will require more effort from the muscles and speaking organs.
It is common for the first words of a baby, between the 8th and 18th month of age, to present pronunciation errors. Baby will say aua when I ask for water, or petewhen you want the pacifier. Babies will simplify sounds to make them easier to pronounce. However, as the baby gains more articulation skills, his pronunciation will become more fluent. When this process is not carried out normally, one can speak of dyslalias.
Childhood dyslalia has very varied types. There are organic, audiogenic, or functional dyslalias.
1. Functional dyslalia: It is the most frequent and is characterized by a malfunction of the articulatory organs. The child does not know or incorrectly performs the point and mode of articulation of the phoneme. He does not know how to vibrate his tongue to pronounce the RR, and usually replaces the S by Z, wave R by D.
2. Organic dyslalia: It makes the child have difficulty articulating certain phonemes due to organic problems. It occurs in children when they have alterations in brain neurons, when they have some malformation or abnormalities in the organs of the speech apparatus.
3. Audiogenic dyslalia: it is characterized by difficulties caused by hearing problems. The child feels unable to pronounce phonemes correctly because he cannot hear well. In some cases, it is necessary for children to wear prosthetics.
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