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Among all the methods that exist for the child to learn to read, such as: the alphabetic, the phonetic, the syllabic, the global, the Doman method, or the Generating Word method, the constructive method arises. This appears from the search for a more natural learning where the child's maturational rhythm is respected.
This learning system starts from the following premises:
- The child will be the protagonist of their own learning. That is, the learning will be meaningful, as opposed to rote learning.
- Children are familiar with written language before entering school. When he arrives at school, the little one already has previous knowledge of some words and is already a reader, although he does not know the code. Since they were little they are continuously interacting with the meaning of the written texts they find: street signs, product labels, symbols in restaurants, etc.
- Capital letters are used, because it does not require links between letters, unlike the lowercase letter, and for that reason it is easier to identify, at first, and to represent later. And because, in the environment that surrounds us, we frequently find the capital letter on signs, traffic signs, etc. elements to be used as useful learning tools.
- Be part of the child's name because it is the most meaningful to him. It is the first thing you learn at home and work in class.
- The activities of Reading and writing they are integrated throughout the school day.
Parents and teachers will be the child's guides and responsible for stimulating the little one so that, at their own pace, they learn to handle and master the reading codes. To do this, adults should take into account some tips:
- Be an example. Children learn by imitation. If the little ones see their parents or adults in their environment reading books or the newspaper, it is possible that the future will do the same.
- Read tales. If adults read stories to children and then encourage them to try it themselves, it will help. If you can't read yet, you will interpret it in your own way. It will be an opportunity to play to discover words and letters that you know.
- Use the environment. Adults can explain what is written on any object in the environment: syrup, shampoo, milk carton, billboards. This will help you learn new words and encourage curiosity.
- Value the effort. By helping them to review their homework for school, parents should value successes more than mistakes.
- Use games and activities.
- A personal story. With the idea of the story, the adults can give the facilities (make a stage, costumes, etc.) to the children to represent them by acting and thus incorporate the content of the story and be motivated to read.
- Make a newspaper. An interesting activity in the classroom where the children will be in charge of looking for current news that is interesting for them. If they are older they can write them too.
- Complete stories. Depending on the dialogues before and after a story, the children must develop texts that complete them. This is how reading comprehension and creativity work.
You can read more articles similar to Constructive method for children to learn to read, in the Reading on site category.