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Cerebral palsy is the brain injury more frequent in childhood, and from the WHO it is defined as disability, not as illness, something to keep in mind so as not to fall into false prejudices. It is a group of brain disorders derived from the sequelae of an injury to the central nervous system.
Therefore, it is a posture and movement disorder that occurs before the child's growth and development is complete.
Cerebral palsy is often accompanied by other problems, although not necessarily caused by it, such as: dysarthria, spasticity, epilepsy, auditory and visual disturbances, deformities and, only on some occasions, mental deficiency.
There is rarely a single cause, rather it is a combination of conditions, but one of the most frequent is lack of oxygen (anoxia) to the child's brain.
Some of the causes and conditions that are associated with cerebral palsy:
- Prenatal: from infections, for example maternal rubella, diabetes, extreme malnutrition, exposure to radiation during pregnancy. Due to the consumption or use of drugs or medications that are contraindicated or not controlled during pregnancy. Due to anemia and maternal malnutrition.
- Perinatal (during labor): a late or prolonged and difficult delivery can cause a trauma or anoxia at birth. Prematurity can carry a risk factor, the misuse and application of forceps and other instruments to force the birth, asphyxia caused by hanging with the umbilical cord, multiple births, etc.
- Postnatal (later delivery): for infections that affect brain maturity such as meningitis, accidents with serious head injuries.
At the tonic-postural level, they are distinguished four types of paralysis cerebral:
- Spastic cerebral palsy: It is the largest group, around 60-75% of children present stiffness of movement and difficulty in relaxing the muscles.
- Dyskinetic or athetoid cerebral palsy: These are children who have muscles that change quickly from loose to tight. Their arms and legs move in an uncontrolled way, and it can be difficult to understand them due to difficulty controlling your tongue, breathing, and vocal cords (dysarthria).
- Ataxic cerebral palsy: the child presents body imbalance and unstable gait, as well as difficulties in coordination and control in the hands.
- Mixed and other types: almost 10% have P.C. mixed and a small percentage have special types of muscle tension, such as dystonia, hypertonia, stiffness and tremor.
We can also classify cerebral palsy in children according to its severity:
- light: when the child is not limited in ordinary activities, even presenting some physical alteration.
- moderate: when the child has difficulties to carry out daily activities and needs means of assistance or props.
- severe: when the child is affected by a great limitation in daily activities.
Cerebral palsy has no cure but there is a notable improvement, which is acquired the earlier its identification and rehabilitation intervention.
For this reason, early stimulation and multisensory rehabilitation are essential. Without forgetting that social interaction with their peers acquires a maximum importance in their stimulation and, at the same time, facilitates social inclusion.
Because we must not forget that even if you have this disability he is still a child and his social development must be included with the same importance as rehabilitation. All of this will facilitate the improvement of quality of life and equal opportunities.
You can read more articles similar to Child brain paralysis, in the category of Mental Disorders on site.