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There are many factors that can affect the emotional development of children and one of them is the emotional situation of the parents. One of the most frequent emotional disorders is depression, which can occur after childbirth in the case of the mother (what we know as postpartum depression), or it can be a disorder that is already present or that appears at any time at any time. of both parents. This is how depression affects parents to children.
According to several studies, parental depression can affect children's school performance, as well as their emotional and behavioral areas. If we also take into account the hereditary factor, children of depressed parents are more likely to develop depression during their lives. These are the effects of parental depression on children:
- The relationship of the mother's depression and its effects on the children is well studied and known, but we cannot ignore the effects of parental depression on the children. Depressive symptoms can make mothers and fathers more prone to fatigue, are more irritable and are more likely to argue with their children. This can lead to inappropriate parenting patterns, sometimes too hostile or emotionally lacking.
- As we already know, children learn mainly by imitation, so they children are very likely to react to the world just like their parents do, with a negative vision of the world and the reality that surrounds them, thus reproducing the depressive patterns of the parents.
- The emotional stability of parents contributes greatly to the feeling of safety and comfort of children. Depression affects parents' ability to guide, support, and protect their children as they develop.
- Parents with depression tend to attend to the demands of their children to a lesser extent than parents who do not suffer from it, so bonding and the development of secure attachment may be affected, leading to insecure or ambivalent attachment styles. In addition, they tend to make little eye contact with their children, they do not smile as much (compared to parents who do not live with depression), they show less affection, or they show more negative affection, and this affects the emotional development of their children.
- These parent / child relationship patterns can lead to more irritable behaviors, more likely to reproduce depressive behavior patterns in children, (although not all children of parents with depression will also present this disorder).
- The emotional state of the parents also affects the family nucleus, not only the relationship of parents and children, but also influences the quality of the couple's relationshipSo, in general, the home environment may not be as stable and safe as would be desirable. Since marital conflicts negatively impact the family environment, disturbances in marital functioning associated with parental depression diminish the ability of parents to provide children with the support they need to achieve competence and overcome adversity.
The psychological treatment of the father or mother with depression is essential for a good personal and family functioning, as well as to ensure optimal emotional affective development in the children. You do not get out of depressive states alone, so having the support of professionals who support us, guide and guide us is essential.
You can read more articles similar to How Depression Affects Parents in Children, in the category of Being mothers and fathers on site.